Garage doors are heavy and the largest moving objects in your home. Being one of the most experienced garage door repair Roseville CA companies, we have seen pretty gruesome situations of homeowners trying to do it on their own. Unless you have got plenty of experience and the right set of tools, you should never attempt it on your own. Those who have both of these things can benefit from the guide below.
What Is Garage Door Torsion Spring?
The standard garage door designs have torsion springs but some doors may have extension springs. To proceed with a repair, you need to know if your garage door has a torsion spring.
If you see thick metal springs running above your door, it is a torsion spring assembly. You can see the springs end in metal pieces called cones. Torsions spring power your garage door through a drum, cable, and a heavy-duty shaft.
There are thirty different sizes of torsion springs used in garage doors. Their size, length, and diameter are determined according to the size and weight of the door. The number of coils is another important measure for torsion springs.
Determine Number Of Springs
Your garage door can have either one or two springs. A solo spring system controls the left and right sides of the garage door during the operation. If your door has a single torsion spring, it’s best to replace it with a dual spring system. This system has two springs that control each side of the door. If your garage door features a dual spring system, the lengths could vary.
How To Measure Garage Door Torsion Spring?
Once you have determined that your garage door has torsion springs and their number, the next step is to measure them.
When the spring is not broken, measuring it is pretty simple. Use a measuring tape and determine the length between the first and last coil. Do not include the cones in the length.
If the spring is broken, you need to be extra careful. When the spring is in unwound state loosen the setscrews on the winding cone, keeping your fingers out of the spring. Once the cone is free to slide, remove any gaps between the coils and measure them.
For wound springs, measure the number of spring turns.
Now you need to determine the length of the unwound spring. Count off one coil for each turn. Record these measurements because you will need them to purchase a new set of springs.
You also need to measure the wire size. To do that divide the length of the wound spring by the number of coils. Let say the length of ten coils is 80 cm. The wire size comes out to be 8 cm.
Garage Door Torsion Spring Vs Extension Spring
There are two main types of spring systems, torsion spring and extension spring. Torsion springs are above your door whereas extension springs run along the length of the door. You will not find metal cones at the end of the later but coils.
Extension springs fully extend when the door opens or closes and require more parts to work. Torsion springs do not fully extend but turn and are simpler in their operation. They allow controlled motion and need fewer repairs as compared to extension springs. Similarly handling a broken torsion spring is easier to handle.
How To Get The Correct Replacement Garage Door Torsion Spring?
The spring measurement step is essential to get the correct replacement garage door torsion spring. To be more precise, also measure the height and width of your garage door and take this information to the best garage door supplier. The will help you pick the right spring system.
Garage Door Torsion Spring Replacement
After acquiring the right spring system, it’s time to gather supplies for installation.
- Close the garage door. Unplug the automatic garage door opener to prevent accidental opening.
- Clamp a vice grip on the door for your safety.
- Wear safety glasses and adjust your ladder beside the spring instead of the front.
- Determine the slot facing out and set the first winding bar in the place. Wiggle it up and down to adjust it. Now use the bar to loosen the 7/16” set screws enabling loosening of the spring.
- Take the first winding bar down and hold it in place. Now set the second winding bar in the next slot. After removing the first bar, bring the second bar down to complete two turns. Repeat this process until the spring is out of torsion.
- After torsion is removed from both the springs, loosen the bolts on the stationary side to proceed with spring removal.
- Use wrenches to remove the cable and loosen the drums.
Garage Door Torsion Spring Installation
- As the old spring is safely removed, it’s time to install the new ones.
- You need to set all the pieces on the bar in the following order when seen from left to right.
- “red drum – red spring-center bearing – black spring – black drum”
- Set the stationary center on the lip of the bracket coming out of the garage wall. Now place the cables and tighten the drum. Use the winding bars in the reverse action to rewind the springs. Tighten the set screws and you are all good to go.
Why Consider Sac Valley Garage Doors For Garage Door Services
As you can see from the detailed guide, garage door spring replacement is no easy feat and it takes a lot of time. There is a lot of risks involved too. Although possible, a DIY job can land you in serious messes. That’s the reason you should consider Sac Valley Garage Doors for garage door services. Not only because we can handle all of them but we commit to deliver accuracy and precision at market competitive rates.